African Business

ECA pushes for scaling up local vaccine manufacturing in Africa

Director of the African Centre for Statistics at the Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), Oliver Chinganya, explains the need to increase vaccine supply chains in Africa and advance equitable access to vaccines across the continent.

Mr. Chinganya spoke at the first virtual webinar under the “Equitable access to the COVID-19 vaccines in Africa (ECOVA)” project on 30 November 2022. ECOVA is a collaborative project between the African Health Economics and Policy Association (AfHEA), the Africa Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (Africa CDC) and the ECA, funded by the International Development and Research Center (IDRC).

In his opening remarks, Oliver Chinganya explains, “the Covid-19 pandemic has exposed our continent’s pre-existing development deficits, but also presented opportunities for an economic and social resilient recovery which reinforces regional integration, coordination and partnership.” He noted that Africa needs to learn lessons from other parts of the world to increase vaccine supply chains, strengthen health infrastructure, and enhance access to finance and credible communication, including vaccine campaigns.

Furthermore, the announcement of local manufacturing expansion in the wake of the Covid-19 pandemic, as seen in South Africa, Nigeria, Morocco, Ghana and Egypt, demonstrates the capacity and feasibility of vaccine manufacturing in Africa.

Ezinne Onwuekwe, Vaccine Programme Coordinator at the Africa CDC, shared a presentation on the status of Covid-19 vaccinations in Africa, reporting that 366 million people on the continent are fully vaccinated, 1.035 billion doses have been procured with 806 million doses administered. Ms. Onwuekwe noted, “COVAX has procured, obtained and donated 63% of vaccines we have on the continent.”

Senior Medical Officer at PATH, an international, nonprofit global health organization, and Associate Professor at the University of Washington, Aziza Mwisongo, provided insights into where Africa stands with vaccine equality and production. “There is no immediate readiness to repurpose facilities for large-scale production through partnerships. Therefore, it is important that African vaccine manufacturers establish supply networks to export to markets on the continent and elsewhere.”

She added that Africa vaccinating Africa is necessary, and possible because of the continent’s impressive health and science community that is making an invaluable contribution to global health – including, most recently, discovering and sequencing the Omicron variant.

Benjamin Uzochukwu, a Consultant Community Physician and Professor at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, underscored the challenge of accepting vaccines produced in Africa “there must be interventions from civil society organizations and the media to sensitize the populace on the quality of our vaccines. We must expand this knowledge to ensure a successful rollout of local vaccines and their consumption.”

To ensure large-scale production of vaccines on the continent, Africa must reduce its dependence on donors, further build its research capacity, scale-up funding and show commitment and support to buy vaccines manufactured in Africa.

Executive Director of the AfHEA and moderator of the session John Ataguba, noted it was the first in a series of webinars on the topic of ramping up vaccine production on the continent.

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